Where am I : Antalya
Geographical Location : Antalya province is a tourism center in the south of Turkey, central ly on the Mediterranean coast. To the north; Burdur, Isparta, Konya, east; Karaman, Mersin, west; There are mugla provinces. The south is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea. The Length of the Turkish Riviera on the shores of Antalya is 630 km.
History: Antalya, which means "Attalos Dormitory", II. It was founded by Attalos. The city, which remained independent for a while after the end of the Kingdom of Bergama (133 BC), was later conquered by pirates. B.C. It was added to the Roman territory by Commander Servilius Isauricus in 77. B.C. He became the base of Pompeius' navy in 67. A.D. Hadrian's visit to Attaleia in 130 caused the development of the city. Attaleia, which was named as the episcopal center during the Byzantine rule, showed a great improvement after it was conquered by the Turks. Since the modern city was built on the ancient settlement, ancient ruins are very rare in Antalya. The first of the ruins that can be seen is part of the port miter, which is described as the old port, and the wall surrounding the port. The Hadrian Gate, which was restored in the part of the walls outside the park, is one of the most beautiful ancient works of Antalya.
The city of Antalya and its surroundings were called Pamphylia, which means "very efficient" in ancient times, and Lykia was called to the Western part. VIII before the b.C. Those who have migrated here from the West coast of the Aegean sea since the 19th century; They have established cities such as Aspendos and Side. King Of Pergamon, who ruled in the mid-II th century, was the king of Bergama II. Attalos surrounded Side. About 75 km. east of Antalya, the king who could not take Side, came to the current city center and established a city. It was called Attaleia, named after him. Over time, there were those who said Atalia, Adalya. Antalya comes from its name.
Archaeological excavations have been proven that people lived in Antalya and its region 40 thousand years before today. Since 2000 BC, the region has been in the region, respectively; Hittite, Pamphylia, Lykia, Kilikya, such as urban states, and Persian, Alexander the Great and his successor antigonos, Ptolemais, Selevkos, the Kingdom of Bergama has entered administration. The Roman State then ruled. Antalya was called Pamphylia in ancient times, and the cities established here were particularly important in World War II. and ILL. he lived his golden age in the 19th century. By the Vth century, he lost his old glory.
The region was dominated by Byzantines, known in Eastern Rome or Turkey, and in 1207 he was joined by the Seljuks on Turkish soil. During the Anatolian Principalities, he entered the rule of hamitoğlu, an offshoot of the Teke Tribe. Teke Turkmens are one of the largest as a population in Turkmenistan, the former home of turks. Some of the XI came here in the 19th century. Today, the lake swell swell swells region, which is part of the north of Antalya and Isparta and Burdur, and one name is Teke region. During the Ottoman sit-down, the center of the Teke banner in Anatolian province was the city center of Antalya. In those years, it was called the One-on-one banner. The present name of the province is actually a slightly changed form of its name in antiquity and was given during the Republic period.
Marriedya Çelebi, the famous Ottoman pilgrim who came to Antalya in the second half of the XVII century, stated that there are four neighborhoods and three thousand houses within the castle and 24 neighborhoods outside the castle. The city's bazaar was outside the castle. According to Evliya Çelebi, the port is large enough to buy 200 pieces of ships. Antalya, which is the center of the Teke Banner in Konya in an administrative respect, was made an independent starboard in the last years of the Ottoman Empire.
Kaleiçi ; the vast majority are surrounded by walls from the inside and outwards in the form of horselit, which has been destroyed and destroyed. The walls are a joint work of hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk and Ottoman periods. The walls have 80 signs. There are about 3,000 houses with tint roofs inside the walls. The characteristic structures of the houses not only give an idea about the architectural history of Antalya, but also reflect the lifestyle, traditions and customs in the region in the best way. In 1972, Antalya inner harbor and Kaleiçi district were taken under protection by the "Real Estate Antiquities and Monuments High Board" as a "SIT area" due to its unique texture. The Golden Apple Tourism Oscar was awarded to the Ministry of Tourism by FİJET (International Association of Tourism Writers) on 28 April 1984 for the restoration work of "Antalya-Kaleiçi Complex". Today, Kaleiçi has become an entertainment center with its hotels, hostels, restaurants and bars.
Old Antalya Houses : In Antalya, where summers are very hot and winters are warm, the importance of preventing the sun and providing coolness is given to prevent the sun rather than cold in the construction of old houses. Shaded stones and courtyards are features that facilitate airflow. It is built on three floors with the entrance that acts as a warehouse and hall.
Grooved Minaret: Antalya is the first Turkish structure. It is near the port in the center. According to the article on it, it was built during the administration of Alâeddin Keykubat, sultan of Anatolian Seljuk (1219-1236). The brick-knit body consists of eight half cylinders. If there is a mosque adjacent to this minaret, it must also be demolished. Because the mosque next to the minaret is in the late circuit, 1372. It was built by an architect named Tavashi Balaban during the time of hamitoğlu, a Turkish principality.
Grand Mosque: Also known as The Cut Minaret. It was originally built in the Vth century as a Basilica. Very few episodes of the first work survived and changed during the Byzantine period. The work was repaired during the Ottoman sit-down, some were used as Mevlevihane, and then opened as a mosque.
Karatay Madrasah: One of the important Turkish Islamic structures in the city center, XIII. it was built in the middle of the 19th century.
Evdir Khan: 20. By the early 19th century, transportation was provided by horses and camels, and trade goods were transported with these animals. Caravans stayed on the roads, "Khan" and caravanserais. That's one of them, Evdir Khan. It is on the road from Antalya to the north. Today's Antalya-Korkuteli road is 1 km. east and 18 km from the city center. The most remarkable part is the pointed arched portal. It is a Seljuk work built in the early XIII century.
Kirkgöz Khan: Antalya – The second stop place on the old road of Afyon is Kirkgöz Khan. Kirkgöz Khan is located in Kirkgöz, 30 km. away from Antalya, in Pinarbasi. He's in a very stable condition.
Düden Waterfalls: This city, about 10 km. northeast of antalya city center, is one of the natural beauties that symbolizes the city. It's poured from a height of 20 meters. The main source is Kirkgöz. Lower Sinkhole is on the way to Lara Beach. In the southeast of the city center, cliffs at an altitude of 40 meters are poured into the sea. It is one of the iconic natural beauties of Antalya.
Kurşunlu Waterfalls: Alanya road to the east of the city center 24. 7 km. after entering the road to Isparta. This wonder of nature is also one of the most visited places. It's like he's come out of a fairy tale. It is in a lush deep valley. The whole area can be visited by a walk of about half an hour. There are many fish in the waters where the ponds are formed. It also stands out with its rich fauna. The sinkholes, Kurşunlu and Manavgat Districts have been used as a venue in many Turkish films. All of them can be easily taken by bus.
Lâra - Konyaaltı Beach: The natural wonder about 10 km east of antalya city center, Lara Beach, and Konyaaltı Beach on the west coast of antalya center are the most beautiful coasts of the city.
Perge: Antalya is 18 km east, near Aksu Bucağı. Kilikya - Pisidia is an important city of Pamphylia because it is located on the trade road. Its establishment coincides with other pamphylia cities (VII century before The Millennium). Perge was an important city for Christians. St. Paulos and Barnabas came to Perge. Some rich people, like Magna Plancia, have brought important monuments here. The first excavations were excavated by Istanbul University in 1946 in Perge; The ruins of the city, consisting of theatre, stadium, columned street, agora, have been found.
Karain Cave: 27 km. northwest of Antalya, the remains found in the Karain Cave within the borders of the Greasant belong to paleolithic, mesolithic, Neolithic and bronze ages. This cave is a must-see.
Ariassos: Antalya-Burdur highway 48. 1 km. from a left-turn aper. It is set on the slope of a mountain and its baths are worth a visit in terms of rock tombs. At the beginning of the valley entered the city of Ariassos, the entrance door, the city's most magnificent ruins, rises. Since this monument from the Roman era is 3 arches and therefore 3 entrances, it is referred to by the locals as "Three doors". One surprising feature of the city is that three-quarters of them are remnants of necropolis, extraordinarily flamboyant monumental tombs.
Lifestyle : Two lifestyles that have been filtering for centuries in antalya and its surroundings have a legacy. When the Turks first arrived here, they immediately complied with the established order; villages, towns and cities. A segment of the population lived as conargöçers before the Turks arrived in Anatolia. According to this semi-resident lifestyle, at least 15-20 families with relatives, sometimes the number of families expressed by faces; Hair lived in tents, in summer they would go to the mountains, and in winter they would go down to the hot plains called barracks. They used to grow animals like camels and sheep, and they made a living by changing or selling the products of the established people. They produced meat, milk, oil, hair tents and natural rooted rugs. There would be grains and vegetables in the barracks. In fact, there were large groups of konargöçers (tribal, carving) that trained horses in the Ottoman army.
Today, the Turkish rugs that adorn the most important museums in Europe are the eyes of these people's handicrafts. A very large part of today's folk music culture is inherited from konargöçers. The greatest poets of Turkish folk poetry and music such as Karacaoğlan and Dadaloğlu are representatives of this culture. Those who have lived in rural villages for a long time have been living in rural villages, describing themselves with such phrases as "locals, peasants", and if you go to a village where yoruks settle en masse, they say "This is the village of Yoruk", they say such nitizations almost everywhere in Turkey. you can hear it. However, although people emphasize this life difference dating back to the past, they all have the same roots and are Turkish. They don't look at each other differently and they see it as a wealth.
Today, Turkey is one of the countries that best adapts to modern modern life and uses technology in the best way. But there are a few small konargöçarian groups left with both nostalgic and cultural value, who have lived for thousands of years.
And the numbers don't exceed a few hundred people. In a sad way, only camels remain edifies from that way of life. If you are on your way, in the summer you will see camels adorned in Belek, Manavgat and Alanya, carrying tourists with bell rattles. These are memories from those days, these camels. You will also see nomadtents serving local foreign tourists again in Kemer and on the way to Antalya Kumluca. In these semi-museum-like tents, you can eat nomadic buttermilk and pancakes. Even today, when the local people of Antalya can find the opportunity, in the summer go to the plateaus such as Gombe, Sütleğen, Alanya. This tradition is a memory of your ancestors. In some districts such as Alanya, you will see that the snow stored in wells in the Taurus mountains in winter was brought to the district center by being lowered from the mountain in August, and sold by peddlers by sherbet. This is also just one of the old traditions of nomads.
Local Dishes : The basis of the feeding style of nomads is determined by the nutrients obtained from livestock and wheat. Although a small number of wet vegetables are produced on the coastline, wheat and dried vegetables gain weight as they go to the inland areas. It is possible to find all of the world cuisines in Antalya in tourist hotels and restaurants. But local local dishes include: hair roasting, tandoori kebab, Kölle (wheat, beans, chickpeas and baking), Tomato civesi, Hibeş, Arpaa
Climate: In Antalya, dominated by the Mediterranean climate, winters are temperate and rainy, and summers are warm and dry.
Transportation: Transportation is provided by road, airline and sea. Antalya airport is open to international air traffic.